間違いやすい用語や表現 – on

「on」は日本人学者がしばしば誤用する前置詞の一つです。以下はその典型的な誤用を示します。

(1) [誤] This behavior is independent on the factors discussed above.
(1) [正] This behavior is independent of the factors discussed above.
(2) [誤] Here, we carry out analysis on several effects that we call “higher-order”
(2) [誤] causes of climate change.
(2) [正] Here, we carry out analysis of several effects that we call “higher-order”
(2) [正] causes of climate change.
(3) [誤] In this paper, we review evidence on the existence of a fifth force.
(3) [正] In this paper, we review evidence for the existence of a fifth force.
(4) [誤] The weight assigned on each element is determined by the number of
(4) [誤] connections it possesses.
(4) [正] The weight assigned to each element is determined by the number of
(4) [正] connections it possesses.
(5) [誤] With the results presented above, we have obtained a new understanding on
(5) [誤] the role of Schwann cells in neural regeneration.
(5) [正] With the results presented above, we have obtained a new understanding of
(5) [正] the role of Schwann cells in neural regeneration.
(5) [正] With the results presented above, we have obtained a new understanding
(5) [正] concerning the role of Schwann cells in neural regeneration.
(6) [誤] These points lie on the x-y plane.
(6) [正] These points lie in the x-y plane.
(7) [誤] Detailed study on this problem is left to a future work.
(7) [正] Detailed study of this problem is left to a future work.
(8) [誤] The consequences of this type of metabolic defect on the fetus are unknown.
(8) [正] The consequences of this type of metabolic defect for the fetus are
(8) [正] unknown.
(8) [正] The effect of this type of metabolic defect on the fetus is unknown.
(9) [誤] The result on The bosonic Lagrangian is given below.
(9) [正] The result for the bosonic Lagrangian is given below.


Dr. Paquette

グレン・パケットGlenn Paquette

1993年イリノイ大学(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)物理学博士課程修了。1992年に初来日し、1995年から、国際理論物理学誌Progress of Theoretical Physicsの校閲者を務める。京都大学基礎物理研究所に研究員、そして京都大学物理学GCOEに特定准教授として勤務し、京都大学の大学院生に学術英語指導を行う。著書に「科学論文の英語用法百科」。パケット先生のHPはこちらから。

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