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Motor units and their relation with Eelectromyograms (EMG) 1

Motor unit :

A single motor neuronmotoneuron and itsit’s 2 axonaxons innervatesupply not only just a muscle fiber, but also several muscle fibers; these fibers constitute . The muscl a mMotor uUnit. The numberA variety of numbers of muscle fibers in a motor unit variesare present . It in cThe motor unit of cat leg muscles that has approximately 120­, 165 fibers are present in one motor unit.

Electromyography:EMG

A Mmotor unit activity is recordedmeasured bythrough insertingplacing a coaxial electrode in to the muscle of interestthat is tobe studied. Next, the electrode isthey are connected to an electromyographelectromyography (EMG) and a. A recording of muscular activity, known as an electromyogram, is obtained during muscular activity,. This recording is called an electromyogram (EMG).  3

A hypodermichollow needle can be made converted intoin to a coaxial electrode by introducing an insulatedinsolated inner wire with in into it. CPossible changes are recorded from the small volume of the muscles are recorded in the immediate vicinityneighbuorhood of the needle tip of the needle. Thus, it is has been observed that most the highest of the electrical activity is observed from in the active fibers near the electrodes. Sometimes, surface electrodes areis used in stead of deep muscle coaxial electrodeselectrode. In this recording method, two surface electrodes are placed at a reasonable distance on the skin overlyingover the muscle to be studied muscle’s at a reasonable distance.

When the muscle is at rest, no action is potential is recorded; however, as soon as the muscle becomes active, action potentials results fromare recorded. The potential recorded during activity is as a result of the asynchronous discharge of motor neuronsmotoneurons in the vicinity of the electrodes. During minimal voluntary activity, only a few number of motor units are dischargeddischarges, and as voluntary effort activity increases, the more number of units areis activated. This is called motor unitas recruitment of motor units.

The gGradation of muscular activity is a function of thea part of the function of a number of activated motor units activated. ElectromyographicElectromyographc studies are clinically importanthave clinically importance in the diagnosisdiagnosiz of motor unit disorders, including peripheral nerve injuries, and neuromuscular disorders, such asincluding myotonia and myasthenia gravis , so on and so forth. 4

Explanations

 

Motor units and their’s relation with electromyograms (EMG) 1

Motor unit :

A single motor neuronmotoneuron and itsit’s 2 axonaxons innervatesupply not only just a muscle fiber, but also several muscle fibers. The mMuscle fibers that is supplied innervated by one motor neuron through its single axon along with branches are called a Mmotor Uunit. The numberA variety of numbers of muscle fibers in a motor unit variesare present . It is has been observed in cat leg muscles that approximately 120­, 165 fibers are present in one motor unit.

Electromyography:EMG

A Mmotor unit activity is measured bythrough insertingplacing a coaxial electrode in to the muscle that is to be studied. Next, the electrode isthey are connected to an electromyographelectromyography (EMG) and a. A recording is obtained during muscular activity, . This recording is called an electromyogram (EMG).

A hollow needle can be made intoin to a coaxial electrode by introducing an insulatedinsolated inner wire with in into it. CPossible changes are recorded from the small volume of the muscles in the immediate vicinityneighbuorhood of the tip of the needle. Thus, it is has been observed that most the of highest the electrical activity is observed from in the active fibers near the electrodes. Sometimes, surface electrodes areis used in stead of deep muscle coaxial electrodeselectrode. In this recording method, two surface electrodes are placed over the muscle to be studied muscle’s at a reasonable distance.

When the muscle is at rest, no action is potential is recorded; however, as soon as the muscle becomes active, action potentials results fromare recorded. The potential recorded during activity is as a result of the asynchronous discharge of motor neuronsmotoneurons in the vicinity of the electrodes. During minimal voluntary activity, only a few number of motor units are dischargeddischarges, and as voluntary effort activity increases, the more number of units areis activated. This is called recruitment of motor units.

Gradation of muscular activity is a function of thea part of the function of a number of motor units activated. ElectromyographicElectromyographc studies are clinically importanthave clinically importance in the diagnosisdiagnosiz of motor unit disorders, including peripheral nerve injuries, and neuromuscular disorders, such asincluding myotonia and myasthenia gravis , so on and so forth. 3.

Explanations

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