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代名詞の誤用2

曖昧な使用
日本人著者による論文では、代名詞の曖昧な用法がたびたび見うけられます。代名詞を用いるときは、それが指す対象の名詞の同定が明確で、代名詞が表す意味について解釈の余地がないということを必ず確認すべきです。以下に代名詞の曖昧な使用の典型例とその修正例を挙げます。

[誤] The new experimental technique is particularly noteworthy in the context of the experiment of Min et al., because of its role in establishing the anomalous nature of the growth rate.

[正] The new experimental technique is particularly noteworthy in the context of the experiment of Min et al., because of the role of this technique in establishing the anomalous nature of the growth rate.

[正] The new experimental technique is particularly noteworthy in the context of the experiment of Min et al., because of the role of this experiment in establishing the anomalous nature of the growth rate.

[誤] We then obtain the quantity U = cx² , where c is a constant. We discuss its value in Sec. 2.

[正] We then obtain the quantity U = cx² , where c is a constant. We discuss the value of this quantity in Sec. 2.

[正] We then obtain the quantity U = cx² , where c is a constant. We discuss the value of this constant in Sec. 2.

[誤] In this paper, we expand our approach to treat semilinear parabolic equations and introduce a certain weight function defined on the time-dependent Sobolev space, which plays an important role in our treatment.

[正] In this paper, we expand our approach to treat semilinear parabolic equations and introduce a certain weight function defined on the time-dependent Sobolev space. This weight function plays an important role in our treatment.

[正] In this paper, we expand our approach to treat semilinear parabolic equations and introduce a certain weight function defined on the time-dependent Sobolev space. This space plays an important role in our treatment.

[誤] These diseases are often misdiagnosed because their early symptoms are very similar to those of several other diseases of the immune system. In the present paper, we propose a new method for uniquely distinguishing them.

[正] These diseases are often misdiagnosed because their early symptoms are very similar to those of several other diseases of the immune system. In the present paper, we propose a new method for correctly diagnosing these diseases.

[正] These diseases are often misdiagnosed because their early symptoms are very similar to those of several other diseases of the immune system. In the present paper, we propose a new method for uniquely distinguishing the early symptoms of each disease.


Dr. Paquette

グレン・パケットGlenn Paquette

1993年イリノイ大学(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)物理学博士課程修了。1992年に初来日し、1995年から、国際理論物理学誌Progress of Theoretical Physicsの校閲者を務める。京都大学基礎物理研究所に研究員、そして京都大学物理学GCOEに特定准教授として勤務し、京都大学の大学院生に学術英語指導を行う。著書に「科学論文の英語用法百科」。パケット先生のHPはこちらから。

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