# 間違いやすい用語や表現 －if any

[誤] (1) A successful treatment must first satisfy all protocol conditions
(if any).
[正] (1) A successful treatment must first satisfy all protocol conditions.
[正] (1’) A successful treatment must first satisfy all protocol conditions, if such exist.
[誤] (2) The rest of the terms (if any) must vanish.
[正] (2) Any remaining terms must vanish.
[正] (2’) There can exist no more non-vanishing terms.
[誤] (3) Defects, if any, circulate about the origin in the counterclockwise direction.
[正] (3) Any defect will circulate about the origin in the counterclockwise direction.
[正] (3’) If a defect exists, it will circulate about the origin in the counterclockwise direction.
[誤] (4) A solution to this equation that satisfies the above stated boundary conditions, if any, necessarily also satisfies the following condition:
[正] (4) Any solution to this equation that satisfies the above stated boundary conditions necessarily also satisfies the following condition:
[正] (4’) If there exists a solution to this equation that satisfies the above stated boundary conditions, it necessarily also satisfies the following condition:

[正] (2)、[正] (3)、[正] (4)で例示されるように、「if any」で示そうとする意味は多くの場合にはany」だけで示すことができます。

### グレン・パケットGlenn Paquette

1993年イリノイ大学（University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign）物理学博士課程修了。1992年に初来日し、1995年から、国際理論物理学誌Progress of Theoretical Physicsの校閲者を務める。京都大学基礎物理研究所に研究員、そして京都大学物理学GCOEに特定准教授として勤務し、京都大学の大学院生に学術英語指導を行う。著書に「科学論文の英語用法百科」。パケット先生のHPはこちらから。